Conventional (as distinct from avant garde) recorder technique seeks to control three main variables: tone, intonation (tuning) and articulation (the way in which notes are joined together or separated). Aspects of these matters are addressed in the pages accessible via the menu on the right hand side of this page, some in considerable detail. Also found there are links to resources concerning the special problems encountered by bass recorder players, health issues and, for the more advanced player, historical methods and treatises.
The methods listed immediately below by Brian Blood, Walter van Hauwe, Gudrun Heyens Hugh Orr and Anthony Rowland-Jones are especially recommended for adult beginners.
The special problems and techniques encountered in consort and ensemble playing are addressed by Bart Spanhove (2000).
The volume by Fred Kersten (2001) provides a comprehensive approach to introducing the recorder in the music classroom.
- Blood, B. (2013). Recorder method online. Last accessed 21 November 2013.
- Hauwe, W. van (1984-1992). The modern recorder player. Schott, London. 3 vols.
- Heyens, G. (2005). Advanced recorder technique – the art of playing the recorder. Vol. 1 Finger and tongue technique. Vol. 2. Breathing and sound production. Schott, London.
- Kersten, F. (2001). Teaching recorder in the music classroom. National Association for Music Education, Reston.
- Orr, H. (1961). Basic recorder technique. B.M.I./Berandol, Toronto. 2 vols.
- Rowland-Jones, A. (2003). Recorder technique: intermediate to advanced. 3rd edition, considerably revised. Ruxbury Publications, Hebden Bridge.
- Rowland-Jones, A. (2004). Introduction to the recorder: a tutor for beginners. 2nd edition with updating commentary. Ruxbury Publications, Hebden Bridge. ISBN 1-904846-07-06.
- Spanhove, B. (2000). The finishing touch of ensemble playing. Alamire, Peer.