Renaissance Recorders

Adrian Brown

This database will be down for maintenance for a while. Meanwhile the information it contains is accessible via the following table. Thanks you for your patience.

IDCityCollectionInventoryTypePitchMarkMakerSpeaking_lengthBlockline_to_thumbholeBlockline_to_fingerhole_1Blockline_to_fingerhole_2Blockline_to_fingerhole_3Blockline_to_fingerhole_4Blockline_to_fingerhole_5Blockline_to_fingerhole_6Blockline_to_fingerhole_7Maximum_bore_diameterMinimum_bore_diameterWindow_widthWindow_cutupMaterialNotesSourcesData_sheetBore graphImages
1AmsterdamHistorisch MuseumTLDW-1sopranoc#''R·HAKA (scrolled) / (fleur-de-lys)Haka300.097.5112.0132.8153.8176.5199.3221.2241.315.2012.411.23.6palisander, ivory

Found during an archaeological dig in Amsterdam's Jordaan district, the instrument was being preserved with PEG solution when measured. It has a very large ivory ring at the bell which was fractured. For a while the instrument was on display at the Amsterdam museum (formerly Historical museum) but has now been confined to a depot.

My own observations and measurements. Brown (2004).

http://www.adrianbrown.org/measurements/Amsterdam/AmsterdamTLDW-1.pdfhttp://www.adrianbrown.org/measurements/Amsterdam/AmsterdamTLDW-1graph.pdfhttps://adrianbrownsite.wordpress.com/amsterdam-tldw-1/
2BolognaAccademia Filarmonica602 (FP7)bassetgP·GRECEGrece765.5262.0298.0342.3378.028.5013.57.5plum

Large piece missing from the body below hole 3

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

3NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI103tenorc#'HF/Hieronimus/Franciscus/KynsekerKynseker23.0018.313.65.8plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

4NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI102tenorc#'Hieronymus Franziskus KynsekerKynseker533.0179.0196.5234.5270.5313.0350.5387.5420.023.0018.313.65.8plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

5NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI104bassetf#HF/Hieronimus/Franciscus/Kynseker/in NürnbergKynseker821.5268.5293.5336.5373.5459.5509.5551.0671.531.8024.518.37.4plum, with horn ring and brass keywork

Makers mark includes name: Hieronymus Franziskus Kynseker - in Nürnberg

Kirnbauer (1994).

6NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI100altof#'HF/HieronimusKynseker398.0128.5142.5172.0204.5242.5270.5297.5322.018.0016.212.05.4plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

7OxfordBate Collection117bassetf#! ! ML-J type HBassano851.0254.5284.0328.5368.0462.0510.5554.0668.536.4027.720.07.1Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled towards the foot of the recorder.
Block is a replacement but presumed original survives.
Instrument still plays and tuning is reasonably good.
My own observations and measurements.
Plan drawn by Tim Cranmore (OXFBC0117), published by the Bate Collection, Oxford, UK (? date); Cranmore (1984).
8ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.2139bassetf#HF/Hieronimus/Franciscus/Kynseker/in NürnbergKynseker852.0274.5312.0354.0390.5478.0526.0563.0680.033.0023.018.26.9box

Makers mark includes name, Hieronimus Kynseker
Bell is turned and carved in the form of tree roots. Bell is Marked 1630 according to Tellier (1985). and the museum web site. Kirnbaure (1995) has it as the more believable 1670

My own observations and measurements.

9ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.2141great bassE+none1837.0602.0635.0684.0725.01043.51093.01142.51462.061.0046.030.210.0Replacement foot made by Henri Gohin.Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)
10ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.303basseta#double trefoilSchrattenbach653.5167.0205.0242.5287.5352.0395.0435.0527.517.28.2maple

This instrument was direct blown (no cap).
It shows sign of woodworm damage!
Finger-hole 1 is angled towards top of the recorder; holes 3 and 6 are angled downwards towards the foot.

My own observations and measurements.

11ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.2376bassetg#! ?????782.5265.0292.0337.0378.0451.0492.5531.0632.030.6026.319.56.6fruitwoodGanassi fingerings.
Maker's mark could be ! !
My own observations and measurements.
12ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.691basseta#+double trefoilSchrattenbach187.5206.0248.2286.2358.5405.0447.0520.230.5021.521.77.6maple

Columnar recorder with extension (has three additional keys and fingerholes and a back-bore, in the manner of a bassoon.)
Minimum bore diameter is at tone-hole 11 on the back-bore, namely 19.0 mm.

Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

13BolognaAccademia Filarmonica604 (FP9)basscP·GRECEGrece1121.3382.5428.5473.5507.5706.8746.8779.8902.337.2015.87.7plum

This instrument is in two parts and has no crook. It is blown through a hole drilled in the wall with an enclosed cap.

<p><a href="http://www.adrianbrown.org/database/RR_database_references.html" target="_blank">Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005). </a></p>

14ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.980.2.85tenord#'none459.4135.0147.0179.5216.0263.5297.0331.5360.527.5021.414.16.8Finger-holes 4 and 5 angled towards upper end of recorder.
Huge bore diameter.
Philippe Bolton (pers. comm.)
15ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.365bassetg#single trefoilSchrattenbach775.0257.5289.5332.7373.0448.2493.0533.0629.030.4028.819.38.0

Only one trefoil mark below window.

Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

16ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.301bassc#Y1145.0370.0405.0452.0495.0649.0697.5748.0928.0

Two-piece construction with a joint between finger-holes 3 & 4 and tête de negre (carved head) on cap.

My own observations and measurements.

17ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.2330sopranob' (est)none, but see notesBassano306.597.5108.5132.5154.0179.0202.0227.0252.010.74.8ivory

Same maker as Paris E.1935.
The bell is turned cylindrical.
This instrument is cracked, falling to pieces, and unplayable.

My own observations and measurements.

18ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.127bassd#+double trefoilSchrattenbach40.2028.8maple

Columnar recorder with extension with three additional keys and fingerholes and a back-bore, in the manner of a bassoon.

Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

19ParisMusée de la MusiqueE.1935tenore'! ML-J type unclassBassano466.0148.0163.0196.5226.5266.0302.0335.5365.022.1017.813.45.0ivoryFinger-hole 7 angled towards the foot of the recorder.
Leather covering of head, with fleur-de-lys motifs.
Said to play with Ganassi fingerings.
Plan published by the Conservatiore National Superior de Musique (now Musée de la Musique) Paris (? author, ? date)
20PisaPrivate Collectionaltog#'MH382.0125.0134.5162.0191.5220.0254.0284.0310.017.7012.7511.27.7fruitwood, ivory

'Waisted' turning, two ivory mounts, look like Nuremberg.

Recess for decorative plaque (missing) below window.

Brown (2002).

21PotsdamBezirksmuseum für Geschichte81/634Vsopraninof''R·HAKA (scrolled) / (fleur-de-lys)Haka212.011.509.68.82.8ivory

Earlier in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, with the inventory number MI 142 (Kirnbauer (1994).

Bouterse (2001), Kirnbauer (1994)

22QuedlinburgSchloss Museumcase

Case for seven recorders including those held at the Schloss Museum, Quedlinburg.

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

Here
23QuedlinburgSchloss Museumaltoa'S343.2123.3134.0159.3184.5213.0237.8264.0286.816.5013.511.64.3? cherry

Replacement block? This is the alto having no score mark on bell, hence alto 1!

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

HereHereHere
24BolognaAccademia Filarmonica600 (FP5)bassetgP·GRECEGrece765.5263.5299.0343.0377.0483.5527.0560.0590.028.1012.76.9plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

25QuedlinburgSchloss Museumtenore'S464.5158.0174.5204.3237.0274.3309.5342.0379.522.4020.014.26.1? cherry

Infected by woodworm in the past.

Replacement block?



This is the tenor with no marks on the bell.

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

HereHereHere
26QuedlinburgSchloss Museumtenore'S463.5158.0174.5204.0237.0272.5310.0342.8380.022.1019.114.06.3? cherry

Heavy undercutting of tone-holes.

Replacement block?

This tenor has two score marks on bell

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

HereHereHere
27QuedlinburgSchloss Museumaltoa'S343.8123.2134.0160.0185.0213.2238.2264.4289.016.5013.311.54.2? cherry

Identified by two marks on the bell end, hence alto 2!

Seems in better condition than the other alto size.

Replacement block?

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

HereHereHere
28QuedlinburgSchloss MuseumbassetaS703.0230.0254.5294.5333.0398.5443.2482.0573.532.0026.016.65.9? cherry

Seperate foot joint that may have been glued in the past.

Baroque makeover of fontanelle mounts but original fontanelle survives, but with very irregular rose hole pattern.

Replacement block?

My own observations and measurements.

Kirnbauer (1995); Rüdiger (2003).

HereHereHere
29RomeMuseo degli strumenti musicali719extended bassetf#! ! ! ML-J type ABassano1023.5292.0313.8354.0401.5489.8536.3576.0696.031.4026.220.07.3box

ex Marcello collection. Extended basset with two extra keys, descending to d#

Cervelli and van der Meer (1982); Lyndon-Jones (1999).

HereHere
30RomeMuseo degli strumenti musicali720bassetf#! ! ! ML-J type ABassano852.3290.0313.5358.0400.5490.5535.8578.0697.030.3026.120.06.3box

ex Marcello collection. This instrument has a brass edge.

Cervelli and van der Meer (1982); Lyndon-Jones (1999).

HereHere
31RomeMuseo degli strumenti musicali716tenord#'double trefoilSchrattenbach494.0157.5174.0206.0237.5278.2316.8353.8385.023.6018.914.95.8box

ex Gorga collection.

Cervelli and van der Meer (1982); Lyndon-Jones (1999).

HereHere
32RomeMuseo degli strumenti musicali717tenorc#'! ! ! ML-J type ABassano555.0182.2200.0236.5270.7322.2360.5397.0428.725.6021.618.16.5box

ex Marcello collection.

Cervelli and van der Meer (1982); Lyndon-Jones (1999).

HereHere
33RomeMuseo degli strumenti musicali718bassB! ! ! ML-J type ABassano1272.5400.0421.0467.0505.5690.0738.6777.01000.545.5036.227.49.6box

ex Marcello collection.

Cervelli and van der Meer (1982); Lyndon-Jones (1999).

HereHere
34SalzburgMuseum Carolino AugusteumM237basseta#P P655.0228.0248.6288.0328.0392.3432.0471.5554.027.0025.616.56.0cornelian cherry (Cornus mas)?

Highly unusual instrument with unique key arrangment.

Touch activates upside-down flap under a pierced brass cover. Score mark below cover, but wood seems to match and therefore bell is probably original. The instrument probably originally had a fontanelle, the mounts having been removed to install this key arrangement. Slight ''waisting'' at this point seems to confirm this.The voicing is damaged.

My own notes and observations.

Birsak (1973).

35BolognaMuseo internazionale e biblioteca della musica (Formerly in Museo Civico Medievale)1839tenorc#' (estimate of original pitch)! ! ! ML-J type ABassano187.9206.1242.2277.0326.8364.6400.017.07.0box

New baroque foot added, with clarinet-type keys!

Hole positions given in catalogue are highly incorrect.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer (1993).

36SalzburgMuseum Carolino AugusteumM241basseta#G. Walch665.0227.5249.0288.2326.5393.0432.0470.3547.526.4025.617.05.8cherry

One piece, but baroque style instrument with typical open standing baroque key.

All looks pretty original with no sign of modification.

No fontanelle or cap.

Although elliptical,the bore is almost cylindrical.

My own notes and observations.
Birsak (1973).

37SalzburgMuseum Carolino AugusteumM244bassetg#double trefoilSchrattenbach743.0234.0255.0296.0334.0411.0455.0492.0585.531.4025.116.86.6cornelian cherry (Cornus mas)?, figured

Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled towards the foot of the recorder.

The cap band includes the name Hans Ravch von Schratt and that of the fontanelle, Ihesvs Maria Anna 1535.

Very nicely made and well preserved instrument.

Window is very neatly cut and the workmanship throughout is impressive.

My own notes and observations.
Birsak (1973).

38SibiuMuzeul de Istorie1078great bassF#HIER S1138.0536.7615.4615.4657.0931.8981.51020.855.5041.922.78.0? cherry

Body joint only, foot is missing

My own notes and observations.

Bali (2007).



 

39SibiuMuzeul de Istorie1103bassetf#W + crown835.5274.0306.0347.6388.0476.8523.0567.7670.031.6024.520.27.0

My own notes and observations.
Bali (2007).

40SibiuMuzeul de Istorie1072bassc#HIER S1087.0342.2370.6411.6453.8610.0654.3693.8850.544.0534.418.37.5? cherry

My own notes and observations.

Bali (2007).



 

41SibiuMuzeul de Istorie1102bassetg#HIER S753.0240.8257.0295.0331.0419.3457.6498.0597.529.1022.615.65.9? cherry

My own notes and observations.
Bali (2007).

42SigmaringenFurstlich-Hohenzollernsches Schloss318basseta+ (est)shield/Rafi697.0238.0266.0302.0335.0428.0466.0498.0532.029.4026.011.77.5? pear

No key; seems to be a longer version of the Eisenach specimen

Bär (1995).

43St PetersburgMusei Muzïkalnïch Instrumentov409extended bassB (est)!!! ML-J type unclassBassano1536.0360.0390.0436.0477.0691.5634.5777.01026.045.0039.530.011.5Box

Extended recorder, would have had two extra keys, in which case the logic should imply that the extra notes are Bb and G# (see extended bassets in Rome and Verona, around a fifth above this instrument.) This instrument was made with some experimentation, with signs of tone holes being plugged and redrilled. The largest surviving instrument in boxwood!

My own observations and measurements



Hunt (1962/2002)

44The HagueGemeentemuseumEa 267-1933sopraninoeb''''2''240.077.589.5107.5124.8144.3163.0180.0198.512.659.988.22.5ivory

Of typical Nürnberg design.

L&R holes 7.

Quite roughly made.

Baroque type bore with no back reaming.

My own observations and measurements (10 april 2014).

Bouterse (2001).

45TokyoH. Iino (Private Collection)altof (est)double trefoilSchrattenbach511.0maple

Columnar recorder.

Mate to Brussels 189.

Ex. van Zuylen Collection, sold at Christies sale, March 1988.

Speaking length is TOL.

Young (1993).

46BolognaAccademia Filarmonica599 (FP10)tenord'shield/C RafiRafi or Raffin497.5195.0216.0250.5283.5329.0363.2397.0424.021.5011.14.9plum

This instrument has been shortened at the foot.

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

47VermillionNational Music Museum, University of South Dakota3606bassetf#ÄÄ (Rožmberk Master)Rozmberk827.0303.5346.5386.5471.5516.0556.0675.020.07.5box

Ex Galpin collection.
The maker of this instrument is from Rošmberk, Bohemia; the mark is quite different to that found on the Schnitzer instruments.

My own observations.
Bruce Haynes (pers. comm.)

48VermillionNational Music Museum4504altof'I.V.H.413.6134.9153.0183.6214.2250.4287.1316.5343.722.0018.113.34.8ivoryThe lowest note (f') is 75 cents sharp.
I.V.H. is perhaps Jan van Heerde.
Drawing by Friedrich von Huene (1989), published by the museum (NMM 4504).
49VeronaBiblioteca Capitolare1bassetf#! ! ML-J type NBassano837.0276.5276.5360.5454.0498.5543.0maple, figured

This instrument shows signs of woodworm damage!

Meer & Weber (1982).

50VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.249extended bassetf#-! ! ML-J type ABassano1043.0281.5301.5342.3384.0495.0539.0576.5714.037.2030.524.17.8maple

Extended recorder, with two additional keys.

With reference to a-440hz, lowest note with all three keys closed is d#- and with two keys closed is f-.

Fingering 0 123 4567 produces f#-.

Instrument has a neat brass edge covering the labium.

See notes for 13.243.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
51VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.252bassetf#! ! ML-J type GBassano845.0267.5297.0343.0382.3479.0522.2565.2675.234.6027.120.47.4maple

See notes for 13.250

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
52VeronaBiblioteca Capitolare2bassetg# (est)HIERS·733.0259.5296.0336.0407.0443.5482.0maple, figured

This instrument shows signs of woodworm damage!

Meer & Weber (1982).

53VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.251bassetf#! ! ML-J type GBassano843.0269.0294.7340.3380.0474.8519.5562.0675.534.5027.320.27.5maple

See notes for 13.250

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
54VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.242great bassF#! ! ML-J type GBassano1740.5538.0584.5627.0662.0950.0995.81037.01385.058.2042.832.010.8maple

Similar in workmanship to 13.253, but has a much larger bore and is badly out of tune.

Finger-holes three and six are heavily angled towards the foot of the recorder.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
55VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.243great bassF#-! ! ! ML-J type ABassano1794.0598.0640.3685.0723.51005.81049.01089.01417.052.0040.030.08.9maple

Neatly made brass edge is covering the labium, as extended basset 13.249.

Finger-holes three and six are heavily angled towards the foot of the recorder.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
56VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.248bassc#double trefoilSchrattenbach1116.0379.5414.0455.5493.8639.8682.2722.8911.541.2031.822.88.6plum

Cap, crook and fontanelle are all replacements.

See notes for 13.247

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
57BolognaAccademia Filarmonica595 (FP1)tenord'P·GRECEGrece525.0189.0219.5254.8285.0332.0364.0397.5425.819.2016.810.76.6plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

58VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.253bassetf#! ! ML-J type GBassano844.5267.0296.0342.0382.5476.3523.0563.0675.036.5029.220.77.4maple

See notes for 13.250

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
59VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.250bassetf#! ! ML-J type GBassano845.0268.0297.0340.5381.8477.0523.0563.8676.234.3024.420.57.25maple

One of four bassets (13.250-53) originally forming a consort of 22 recorders with basses 13.245-6 and great bass 13.242.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
60VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.254bassetf#+! ! ML-J type HBassano821.0253.5281.0325.0370.0466.0508.5551.3667.034.7026.118.96.0maple

Similar in workmanship to 13.250-3, this instrument does not play as well and is in a higher pitch.

Originally in a separate consort with 13.244

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
61VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.244bassB+! ! ML-J type HBassano1207.0354.3400.5446.5488.5669.3715.2752.8963.048.2033.523.88.9maple

Mate to basset 13.254.

Made in two parts with a separate foot, as 13.245 and 13.246.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
62VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.245bassB! ! ML-J type GBassano1294.0410.5429.0475.0515.0701.5750.0790.01012.046.6034.925.08.9maple

Finger-holes three and six are heavily angled towards the foot of the recorder.

Mate to Acadamia Filarmonica (Verona) 13.246, but more bent and the bore more elliptical.

My own observations and measurements.



Meer & Weber (1982).



Ture Bergstrøm, (pers. comm.)

HereHereHere
63VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.247bassc#double trefoilSchrattenbach1119.0378.2413.8456.5493.5639.5682.3723.8913.542.6032.722.58.5plum

Like its sibling, 13.248, the fingerholes are very small and heavily undercut.

The crook could be original and is of an unusual form.

Cap is a modern replacement.

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
64VeronaAccademia Filarmonica13.246bassB! ! ML-J type GBassano1282.0405.5428.0472.0513.5699.5749.0789.01009.547.0034.725.78.8maple

See notes for 13.245

My own observations and measurements.

Meer & Weber (1982).

HereHereHere
65ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 131/C141/8518sopranoc''none285.090.599.5121.0141.0164.4186.4208.5231.515.9012.211.54.3box

Plays with Van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

66ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 132/C143/8519altobflat'HIERS·325.5102.0114.0135.0156.5185.5212.3235.0254.316.8014.310.94.0box

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

67ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 136/C147/8523altog'W+crown500.5161.6175.9211.3246.0287.3324.3358.7391.522.7020.713.58.4box

Instrument has been shortened and new window cut.

A trace of the original blockline is visible, so above measurements taken from there.

A clarinet style ligature/decorative band and a (Maltese?) cross in silver have been inlaid into the wood.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

68BolognaAccademia Filarmonica596 (FP3)tenord'P·GRECEGrece524.0192.0219.5253.5286.5332.0363.5396.0425.520.8010.66.3plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

69ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 135/C146/8522altog#'! ML-J type ABassano381.0127.5140.0166.6193.0226.0252.5278.0309.020.0018.713.45.2box

Plays with Ganassi fingerings.

For a long time thought to be the only example of this sort of bore (ie cylindrical bore with flare).



Maximum bore diameter is 120-140mm from the top of the instrument. The bell flare has an even larger diameter of 21.5mm

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006). See also Brown (2005); Darmstädter (2008).

70ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 134/C145/8521altog'CS385.2127.0140.0167.5194.5227.5258.0285.0316.520.6018.012.55.4box

This recorder does play above note XIII, but with difficulty.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

71ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 148/C159/8535tenord'**507.0191.0202.5238.0275.2324.5358.0390.5423.022.5017.312.16.0maple

This instrument has later baroque style mounts over the beak and bell.

Plays well with van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

72ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 171/C 182/8556caseLid stamped ! ML-J type ABassano

Case for four recorders, including Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 135. Lengths of chambers: 1 × 287 mm, 2 × 432 mm and 1 × 62 cm (Schlosser).

Case was broken for many years but was restored by Alfons Huber in 2007

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).



See also: Schlosser (1920/1974); Darmstädter (2008).



 

73ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 172/C 183/8557case

Case for five recorders. Lengths of chambers: 1 × 223 mm, 1 × 343 mm, 2 × 507 mm and 1 × 73 5mm.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

74ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 167/C178/8552bassc#HIE·S1123.5344.8375.3417.5459.0617.5659.8700.0882.545.0030.222.46.1maple

Mate to Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 166 and 168.

Fontanelle made in maple, figured. Labium is undamaged and cut up seems very small for such a large instrument.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

75ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 133/C144/8520altog#'none340.4120.5130.1155.6183.3214.3240.5267.0299.517.9014.210.95.7maple

Instrument is bent.

This Recorder looks suspiciously from a later date. The fingerholes are not undercut, the wood stain looks almost modern. Block is round and edge radius therefore equals that of bore.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

76ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 149/C160/8536tenorc#'! ML-J type ABassano566.0183.2207.0241.5274.8330.6366.8401.0434.525.6022.516.66.0box

Could be mate to SAM 150.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

77ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 170/C181/8555case

Case for eight recorders, including Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 132, 142, 143, 144, 159, and 160. Lengths of chambers: 1 × 26 cm, 2.0 × 38.5 cm, 3 × 55 cm, 2 × 81 cm.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

78ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 130/C140/8517sopranoc''+**285.3102.0111.6130.2150.5177.4197.5216.5239.715.0013.59.04.9maple

Plays with Van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

79BolognaMuseo internazionale e biblioteca della musica (Formerly in Museo Civico Medievale)1815bassetf#! ! ML-J type ABassano850.0269.0295.3339.0377.5475.0520.5560.3670.021.55.9box

My own observations and measurements.

Meer (1993).

80ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 145/C156/8532tenord#'crown498.0161.0179.0213.5248.3290.3324.5360.0395.023.4020.114.95.3box

Instrument is very bent, making all measurement difficult.

Bore taper is slight

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

81ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 146/C157/8533tenord#'! ML-J type ABassano480.3172.0178.0208.5240.0282.5315.5349.8380.522.3019.313.34.6box

This instrument has an ornimental brass edge, held by a screw. Looks more like a repair than an original feature, unlike SAM 139 & SAM 157.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

82ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 127/C137/8514sopraninoe''none233.069.574.093.5113.0133.0154.3175.2194.813.9013.28.95.3box

Highly unusual turning, in the style of SAM 126 and 129, but without deep scored patterns around window and on bell.

Windway is very long and tapers in diameter towards blowing end.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

83ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 143/C154/8530tenord#'HIERS·495.5161.0183.5214.8247.0288.5320.0353.0382.022.1018.513.15.3box

Mate to Kunsthistoriches Museum (Vienna) SAM 144 and SAM 142.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

84ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 139/C150/8526altof'none426.8153.7166.0191.7220.8255.8285.5314.5345.020.0016.613.74.4box

The labium of this instrument has a brass edge, held in place by a brass rivet, or nail, similar to that on SAM 157.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

85ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 144/C155/8531tenord#'HIERS·496.5164.0184.0215.5246.5287.2318.8353.5383.522.6018.513.15.5box

Mate to Kunsthistoriches Museum (Vienna) SAM 143 and SAM 142.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

86ViennaGesellschaft der MusikfreundeI.N.115bassetg#ÂÂSchnitzer786.0269.0290.5331.5371.3449.0494.0532.0642.031.0024.522.06.9olive

Highly engraved key and rings.

Blown by a crook (cap and crook are later replacements.)

Unsigned, undated drawing

Marvin (1972)

87ViennaGesellschaft der MusikfreundeI.N.116bassBFG HV W1258.0375.0420.5469.0513.0689.5736.5782.0996.047.0030.825.39.0

Unusual key.

Undated drawing by Fredrich von Hune

88ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 126/C136/8513sopraninof''none219.068.772.090.0108.0126.3145.3164.8181.813.1012.38.04.8box

Highly unusual turning, with deep scored patterns around window and on bell.

Windway is very long and exterior profile tapers towards blowing end.

Mate to SAM 129. Original block is missing.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

89ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 128/C138/8515sopranod#''MI238.085.693.5112.3131.3152.0170.0186.5203.012.5010.37.54.2plum

Tenon turned on mouthpiece, perhaps for missing ornimental mount.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

90BolognaMuseo internazionale e biblioteca della musica (Formerly in Museo Civico Medievale)1768bassetf#! ! ML-J type ABassano852.0272.0296.0340.6380.5478.5525.0566.8679.820.07.3box

My own observations and measurements.

Meer (1993).

91ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 147/C158/8534tenore'!! ML-J type unclassBassano490.0161.5175.0210.0245.2279.8313.0350.0380.523.4021.3box / pear

New head piece made of pear.

Joint (internal) at 412 mm from south end, visible step in bore at this point. New portion is crudely made and may not represent original speaking length.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

92ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 129/C139/8516sopranod#none258.083.887.0106.8127.0148.8171.0192.8214.013.8013.39.54.9box

Highly unusual turning, with deep scored patterns around window and on bell.

Windway is very long and exterior profile tapers towards blowing end.

Mate to SAM 126. original block is missing

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

93ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 168/C179/8553bassc#HIE·S1118.5354.2389.8433.0476.0632.0677.0716.0894.544.0035.321.97.1maple

Mate to Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 166 and 167.

Large piece missing from labium.

According to Marvin (1972) this instrument is the best playing of the three.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

94ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 166/C177/8551bassc#HIE·S1139.5355.0388.0431.0475.5633.0675.0719.0893.542.8031.522.77.7maple

Mate to Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 167 and 168.

Extensive damage to labium.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

95ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 161/C172/8547bassetg#HIE·S765.0236.7259.3303.5344.0424.0470.0510.0614.530.7024.718.56.4maple

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

96ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 162/C173/8548bassetg#HIE·S762.0224.3258.5299.8340.7422.0468.4508.5613.831.8025.816.75.1maple

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

97ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 160/C171/8546bassetg#HIERS·741.5229.8251.0289.0322.3408.0453.0491.3584.529.3022.515.86.4maple

Mate to Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 159.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

98ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 164/C175/4027bassetf#!!! ML-J type BBassano852.5269.4294.0337.3379.0476.5522.5563.0678.534.5026.820.27.5maple

Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled toward the foot of the recorder; finger-hole 4 angled towards the beak.

Beautifully made instrument, keywork and details are of the highest quality, probably a player's instrument.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

99ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 165/A176/8550bassetf!! ML-J type unclassBassano886.0286.0317.5362.5404.0501.0547.0588.0701.035.0028.320.07.1maple

Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled toward the foot of the recorder.

Ex. Schloss Ambras, Innsbruck, where instrument is now on display.

Marvin (1972) gives bl-hole 7 as 712 mm.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

100ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 163/C174/8549bassetg#CS754.0257.8286.5329.0369.0437.5482.0520.5610.331.2024.319.28.3maple

Stamp is in relief compared to SAM134 & SAM141.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

101BolognaAccademia Filarmonica597 (FP2)tenord'P·GRECEGrece525.0190.0218.7254.8286.0330.2363.8396.0425.820.3010.76.5plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

102ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 137/C148/8524altof'none425.0153.0165.0192.2222.0253.0284.7314.2342.020.4017.214.34.7box

Well-made professional-looking instrument.

Original block missing.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

103ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 138/C149/8525altof'! ML-J type unclassBassano428.5150.8161.0192.0222.0255.2285.5316.0347.021.7019.013.64.6walnut

Fairly cylindrical bore, scraped out in places

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

104ViennaGesellschaft der MusikfreundeI.N.111bassBnone1121.0345.0375.0417.0458.5617.0659.0699.0880.0

Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

105ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 140/C151/8527altof'**413.5148.5161.8190.4219.8258.0288.0317.0346.219.5016.011.26.0maple

Plays with Van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

106ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 141/C152/8528tenore'CS454.5153.8167.3198.0230.3269.7301.2333.0370.022.7018.915.53.8box

This instrument has a brass edge to the labium.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

107ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 142/C153/8529tenord#'HIERS·497.0164.7184.0215.0245.5285.5319.0353.0383.222.0018.512.95.0box

Mate to Kunsthistoriches Museum (Viemna) SAM 144 and SAM 143.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

108ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 152/C163/8539bassetc#'?ÂÂSchnitzer554.0195.5216.0252.5288.3328.2366.3397.0466.021.5018.715.75.4maple

A small instrument with fontanelle; direct blown (no cap).

Original block is missing and crude plug is in its place, so almost no sound can be made. Design is unlike all other AA (Schnitzer recorders)



 

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

109ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 363//7350bassetc#'! ! ! ML-J type FBassano559.0175.0198.2234.7270.6319.0356.0388.0455.825.9023.214.84.8box

This instrument originally had a fontanelle but no cap. Later the foot was remade in baroque style with a closed key.

Aquired at a later date than the Schlosser (1920/1974) catalogue.

Plays with Ganassi's fingerings in the high register.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

110ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 624basseta+HD and single trefoil on bell709.0236.8265.2306.0347.3405.5449.8488.5570.528.4025.918.55.6maple, stained; with ivory longditudinal inlay

Instrument stamped 1503.

Bore cylindrical with flare.

Voicing damaged but probably played with Ganassi fingerings.

From Schloss Ambras.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).



Scheicher (1977).



 

112AntwerpVleeshuis Museum134(VH2111)extended great bassF#+double trefoilSchrattenbach2433.0564.0592.0634.0675.0956.01000.01045.01318.550.0028.028.010.0maple

Extended recorder. Lowest note is C#, with all 10 holes closed. F# is produced by the fingering 0 123 4567. Originally had four keys, now replaced

Museum Vleeshuis (1981).

113BolognaAccademia Filarmonica594 (FP13)tenord#'-! ! ML-J type BBassano496.8159.0176.8212.0244.5289.0325.0361.8384.525.2015.75.0boxInstrument is bent.
Plays with Ganassi fingerings.
My own observations and measurements.
114ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 169/C180/8554great bassF#HIE·S1692.0547.0586.0632.0668.0951.0999.01038.01328.558.0043.628.07.8maple

Unlike the fragment 1078 in Sibiu stamped HIER S, this instrument is complete and an outstanding example of a great bass recorder.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

115ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 173/C 184/8558case

Case for four recorders. Lengths of chambers: 1 × 217 mm, 2 × 316 mm and 1 × 456 mm.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

116ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 691sopranoc''none277.098.5107.0125.4146.5173.4193.0211.7233.017.1012.010.54.9maple

Simple instrument with straight drilled fingerholes, no undercutting.

Long ramp for this size instrument.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

117ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 150/C161/8537tenorc#'! ML-J type ABassano565.5185.5206.3241.8274.7331.8366.2401.5434.825.6021.617.85.9box

Finger-hole seven angled toward foot of recorder.

Could be mate to SAM 149.

Extensive damage to labium and windway.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

118ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 159/C170/8545bassetg#HIERS·740.5230.8250.8286.5324.1410.7454.0494.5587.530.0023.015.76.1maple

Mate to Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna) SAM 160.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

119ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 151/C162/8538tenorc#'!! ML-J type LBassano556.5183.6202.0240.2274.2319.2357.7399.0429.023.5019.714.55.5box

Finger-hole seven is angled toward the foot of the recorder.

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

120ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 157/C168/8543tenorb flat?none visible656.0229.5246.0287.3325.0380.3420.0458.0537.526.2020.317.84.7box

Small instrument with key and fontanelle, but no cap. Has a brass edge, held in place by a brass nail or rivet, similar in workmanship to that of SAM 139. Key and rings look similar work to SAM 164

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

121ViennaKunsthistorisches MuseumSAM 158/C169/8544bassetg#! ML-J type unclassBassano717.5229.8258.0298.5337.8408.0449.5485.5579.030.0024.016.66.5maple

Instrument is now bent, has bulges all along exterior surface and a very irregular bore profile. Abnormal shrinkage may be the cause

My own measurements and observations, published in: Darmstädter (2006).

122Washington DCDayton Miller CollectionDM1240tenorc#'!! ML-J type BBassano630.0

Speaking length is TOL.

Seyfrit (1982).

123Washington DCDayton Miller CollectionDM0860 cat38bassetg#* / ..813.0

This instrument is of two-piece construction.

Speaking length is TOL.

Seyfrit (1982).

124BolognaAccademia Filarmonica593 (FP12)tenord#'-none484.0170.8188.5222.2255.0295.2329.5361.0393.514.45.5plum

Unusual stubby window proportions.

My own observations and measurements.

125BolognaAccademia Filarmonica598 (FP4)tenorc'P·GRECEGrece567.0200.0233.0265.3291.8352.8390.2419.0445.022.5011.76.3plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

126BolognaAccademia Filarmonica605 (FP8)basscP·GRECEGrece1122.0389.7433.0476.0510.5708.5748.0782.0899.536.7016.28.0plum

This instrument is in two parts and has no crook. It is blown through a hole drilled in the wall with an enclosed cap.

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

127BolognaAccademia Filarmonica601 (FP11)bassetgShield/C RafiRafi or Raffin775.0272.5305.3347.0381.0482.0520.5554.0586.028.0022.5013.27.0plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

128BraunschweigStädtisches MuseumCF 83bassetg#ÂÂSchnitzer780.0263.0292.0337.5377.0449.0491.0530.5630.031.0025.56.925.5box

Instrument has very thin walls.

Plays with Ganassi fingerings.

My own observations and measurements.

HereHereHere
129BraunschweigStädtisches MuseumCF 81bassB+! ML-J type unclassBassano1266.5394.0421.0466.0509.0690.5740.0782.0992.548.1034.127.78.0plum

Two-piece construction.

My own observations and measurements.

HereHereHere
130BresciaPrivate collection205altof''none441.0140.0156.5183.5214.5249.0281.0312.5343.019.0014.0maple (stained)Personal communication with owner.
131BresciaPrivate collection064sopranoc#''* *290.097.5106.5124.5145.5167.5193.0216.5242.515.2014.010.03.3cherry, probably

Cylindrical bore with bell expansion, very large fingerholes.
Plays with Ganassi fingerings.
Large ivory ring where joint would be above thumbhole. Joint is glued and instruments effectively in one piece. Mark is only on bell

Personal communication with owner.
Brown (2002).

132BrugesGruuthusemuseumM37bassetashield705.0225.0252.0288.5329.0410.0445.0485.0577.030.2022.019.07.9box

Attributed to the Rafi family in the museum catalogue, but radically different in construction to known recorders by these makers. Maker's mark is a shield with an unknown animal, very different from the shield and griffin found on instruments with additional Rafi mark and very similar in mark and construction to M2646 and M2647 in Brussels, with which it probably originally formed a set.

My own observations and measurements. Museum catalogue: Awouters, M, de Keyser, I & Vandenberghe, S (1985)

133BerlinMusikhistorisches Museum656bassetgKK832.0271.0310.0354.0397.0478.0526.0569.0679.033.3025.820.37.3woodOriginally from St Wenzels Kirche, Naumburg.Adriana Breukink (pers. comm.)
134BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M2646bassetashield701.0228.5253.0288.5329.0410.0445.0482.0573.030.0021.519.06.0apple?This instrument has the same maker's mark as Gruuthusemuseum (Bruges) M37 (if the Bruges instrument is considered to be by a member of the Rafi family, then this instrument should be, too).
Finger holes 3 and 6 are angled towards the foot of the recorder.
My own observations and measurements.
135BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1033bassetf#?! ! ML-J type HBassano845.0247.5275.5319.5367.0465.0507.5550.0664.035.0025.319.07.0mapleVoicing: windway, window and blowing side towards the player.My own observations and measurements.
136BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1032bassetg#ÂÂSchnitzer781.0262.0292.0337.0376.0450.0490.5530.0630.030.5026.020.57.0cornelian cherry (Cornus mas)?

Plays with Ganassi fingerings.

My own observations and measurements.

137BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1025tenorc#'!! ML-J type unclassBassano558.5185.0206.0244.0280.0326.0366.0405.0428.024.7021.517.04.5boxLabium is a replacement.My own observations and measurements.
138BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1031bassetf#none849.0269.5298.0341.0380.0478.0523.0565.0674.032.8027.220.07.0wood, stained dark redFingerhole 6 is angled towards the foot of the instrument.My own observations and measurements.
139BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1034basseta#'ÂÂSchnitzer673.0224.8244.8285.5327.8383.0422.0460.8546.527.5021.716.86.6box?

Direct blown (no cap), with key.
Fontanelle look original, but bell rim has been almost entirely replaced.

My own observations and measurements.

140BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M1024tenorc#'HDDrebs543.8193.2214.0252.0285.5326.0364.0401.0434.022.5018.714.25.2box

This recorder has the same or similar mark just below the window as Berlin 659. It could almost be interpreted as a trefoil.

My own observations and measurements.

Adriana Breukink (pers. comm.)

141BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)4358bassetf#?! ! ML-J type ABassano843.0281.0311.0352.0390.0487.0529.0570.0688.033.8027.220.06.5woodLabium has been expertly repaired
Fingerhole 3 is angled towards the foot of the recorder.
My own observations and measurements.
142BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)4359bassetg#none795.0249.0273.0319.0363.0439.0484.0526.0635.030.4022.620.06.0box, dark-stainedLabium has same sort of repair as M1025.My own observations and measurements.
143BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)3330/38sopranof#'' (est)A.T. ROLRol205.567.777.393.2108.5123.3139.7163.0172.611.904.38.02.8

Broken in two pieces.

Henri Gohin(pers. comm.)

144BerlinMusikhistorisches Museum2820bassetfA.T. ROLRol876.0268.0303.0347.0387.5490.5530.5571.5701.035.2028.119.37.3

Voicing: windway, window and blowing side, towards the player.

Marvin (1972).

145BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)4357bassetf#?! ! ML-J type ABassano841.0281.2308.2350.0387.8485.8527.0567.0682.032.0026.520.86.8boxInformation Bank, London College of Furniture, 41-47 Commercial, E1 1LA, London, UK.
146BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M2345bassetf#+!!! ML-J type PBassano834.0255.0278.0326.0370.0471.0515.5559.5674.034.5023.818.310.0maple, figuredVoicing: windway, window and blowing side, towards the player.My own observations and measurements.
147BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M440bassd#double trefoilSchrattenbach1009.5315.5348.0390.5430.0550.5598.0640.0812.039.0029.022.111.0maple

Cap is a replacement.

My own observations and measurements.
Johnathan Swayne (pers. comm.)

148BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M2647bassdshield1083.0365.0396.0439.0482.0625.0670.0715.0865.034.5027.823.46.7wood, unidentifiedThis instrument has the same maker's mark as Gruuthusemuseum (Bruges) M37 (if the Bruges instrument is considered to be by a member of the Rafi family, then this instrument should be, too).
Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled towards the foot of the recorder.
My own observations and measurements.
149BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M188bassc#double trefoilSchrattenbach1138.0385.0406.0455.0493.5637.5682.5728.5908.038.9027.724.09.0cornelian cherry (Cornus mas)?

This instrument was originally part of the collection of the Hansa Huis in Antwerp.
Key arrangement has been modified with a slab of wood now filling the space under the fontanelle.
Cap, fontanelle, key and crook are all replacements.

My own observations and measurements.

150BrusselsMusée des Instruments de Musique (MIM)M189altof'double trefoilSchrattenbach386.5125.0135.0167.5200.5238.0271.5301.7339.522.0017.116.75.9maple

Columnar recorder. Lowest hole gives bottom note.
Mate to Tokyo (H Lino collection)and originally part of the collection of the Hansa Huis in Antwerp.

My own observations and measurements.
Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

151CellePrivate Collection (Dr Moeck)bassetc'+single trefoilSchrattenbach570.5190.0209.5245.5280.0330.8367.0402.7466.025.3018.816.74.8ivory; one silver key

Small instrument with a key.

My own observations and measurements.
Forthcoming article in Tibia.

152CopenhagenRosenborg1.74sopranoc#''+none270.0narwhale ivory

Plays with van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

Morgan (1984).

153CopenhagenRosenborg1.75sopranoc#''+none265.592.490.2116.6138.0160.0180.3199.6219.8narwhale ivory

Plays with van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

Morgan (1984).

154CopenhagenMusikhistorisk MuseumE78/kat38bassetg#ÂÂSchnitzer781.019.86.9maple

The sides of the window are cut away, as with Merano 6851 and 6858.

Please note that due to a mix-up, earlier measurements given here about this instrument were incorrect.

Ture Bergstrom (pers. comm.)



Fjordside (1986).

155BerlinMusikhistorisches Museum659tenorc#'HDDrebs543.0192.5212.0249.0285.0325.5360.5402.0433.522.4017.414.45.8maple

This instrument has a small mark below the window, which could almost be a trefoil with a left pointing stalk, similar to Brussels M1024.

Adriana Breukink (pers. comm.); Lerch (1996).

156DarmstadtHessisches Landesmuseum67:123bassetf#HDDrebs835.0282.0353.0390.3390.3478.0526.0562.3681.532.2024.918.56.7pear or other plain fruitwood

This instrument is very similar to Frankfurt X4261, although it obviously stems from a different original set.

My own observations and measurements.



Bär (2001).

HereHere
157Denmark (private collection)sopranod#''none

Legêne (1995).

158Dockham (NL)Streenmuseum Het Admiraliteitshuis523sopraninof#'' (est)I.V.H204.068.073.090.0106.5122.5139.0156.0171.511.709.08.14.8box, with siver ring on foot.

Silver ring bears an inscription and the date 1696.

Bouterse (2001).

159EdinburghUniversity Collection of Historic Musical Instruments1037sopranocR·HAKA (scrolled) / (fleur-de-lys)Haka297.0100.4112.2134.5156.8179.7199.5224.1247.215.1011.510.73.6ivory

This is a very different instrument from the one-piece Haka soprano in the Amsterdam Historical Museum

Museum plan.

Legêne, Eva. (1995).

160EdinburghUniversity Collection of Historic Musical Instruments3921bassetc#'! ML-J type unclassified557.0196.5208.5248.0288.0335.0374.5413.5475.025.5018.716.08.0ivory

ex Schloss Baden-Baden & Tony Bingham

Museum plan by Thomas Lerch



Lyndon-Jones (1999), Lerch (2002).

161EisenachBachhaus1-100bassetb (est)shield/RafiRafi or Raffin640.2230.5255.0292.5325.0396.0432.5463.0494.525.5020.813.28.0

Voicing: windway, window and blowing side, towards the player.

Museum catalogue by Heyde (1976); Henri Gohin (pers. comm.)

162EisenachBachhaus1 98sopranoc#''+I.D.Denner281.513.90

This instrument is dated 1682.

Museum catalogue by Heyde (1976).

163FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4263 (119)tenorc#'HDDrebs543.8193.0216.0252.5286.0326.5364.5400.0434.822.4016.814.45.5? cherry

Originally part of eleven recorder set with case X4266.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
164FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4261 (120)bassetf#HDDrebs830.5284.8313.2353.0389.5478.0525.0561.5685.032.2023.017.75.5? cherry

Originally part of eleven recorder set with case X4266.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
165FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4269case

Case for five recorders including 114 and 115 marked PM.

Lengths of chambers: 2 × 315 mm, 1 × 423 mm and 2 × 570 mm.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

Here
166BerlinMusikhistorisches Museum660tenorc#'HDDrebs546.0193.5217.0253.0287.0327.5365.0402.0436.022.7017.514.25.1maple

Voicing: windway, window and blowing side, towards the player.

Scheck (1975/1984); Lerch (1996).

167FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4265 (117)altog#'HDDrebs363.9126.0139.2163.2187.6216.3240.0267.8292.017.7013.511.64.9? cherry

Originally part of eleven recorder set with case X4266.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
168FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4264 (116)altog#'HDDrebs363.0126.7139.2163.5188.2217.0240.0268.0291.317.4013.011.64.3? cherry

Originally part of eleven recorder set with case X4266.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
169FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4260 (121)sopranoc''+double trefoilSchrattenbach269.586.3107.5128.5146.5169.5191.0211.0237.015.0012.112.84.8maple

Columnar recorder; lowest finger-hole gives the bottom note.

The plinth and cap are missing, replaced by a later bell and cap.

Keywork and covers not original.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
170FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4266case

Case for eleven recorders including X 4261-5.

Unmarked.

Lengths of chambers: 2 × 208 mm, 2 × 278 mm, 2 × 322 mm, 2 × 412 mm, 2 × 589 mm and 1 × 905 mm.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

Here
171FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4262 (118)tenorc#'HDDrebs543.0192.2215.8251.0285.5325.5363.5400.5434.722.5016.614.65.3? cherry

Originally part of eleven recorder set with case X4266.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
172FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4268 (115)tenord'FF / PM503.5188.5202.5237.0272.5321.0357.0390.0425.022.0010.211.75.4

Mate to Historisches Museum (Frankfurt) X 4268.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
173FrankfurtHistorisches MuseumX 4267 (114)tenord'FF / PM504.0190.0202.5238.0274.0322.5358.0391.5426.022.0010.311.65.2

Tulip-shaped head moulding.

Plays with van Eyck/Jambe de Fer fingerings.

My own observations and measurements.

Epstein (1927), Postel, (1974).

HereHere
174HamburgMuseum für Hamburgische Geschichte1924.206bassetf#! ML-J type unclassBassano849.0264.0290.5337.0378.5472.5518.0560.0680.030.4025.818.87.9

My own observations and measurements.

Young (1993).

175InnsbruckTiroler LandesmuseumM/I 21basset?!! ML-J type unclassifiedBassanoTotal length 773mm
Fontanelle, cap missing, fontanelle mounts have been turned or chiselled off. Bell damaged and silver "cap"has been fitted. Some damage to the upper body too. Marvin says this instrument makes no sound.

Marvin (1972).

176LeipzigMusikinstrumenten Museum2403altof#'A.T. ROL424.0126.0144.5173.0202.8237.3272.0303.2330.219.5016.512.04.0ebony

Repaired? with reed binding just above the blockline - small visible cracks below.

Very Dutch looking recorder with only the normal renaissance range.

My own observations and measurements.

Heyde (1978).

177BerlinMusikhistorisches Museum2818bassetg#! ML-J type unclassifiedBassano

Marvin (1972).

178LeipzigMusikinstrumenten Museum1134bassetbValiani598.0193.0203.0243.0283.0343.0386.0426.0493.030.1023.516.06.7box

Wide bored instrument with key and fontanelle for 7th hole

Measurements by Tom Lerch published in museum plan



Heyde (1978).

179LeipzigMusikinstrumenten Museum1112sopraninog#''H193.0ivory

Wave-form turning on head.

Heyde (1978).

180LinzOberösterreichisches LandesmuseumMU2bassetg#none823.6268.0302.2347.0389.8467.0512.0554.5660.029.9028.025.56.3maple

Huge tone holes and bottom bore flare suggest original pitch was nearer to f#.

Very similar construction methods to MU1, so almost certainly made by C C S too.

My own observations and measurements.

Young, Humer, and Gschwendtner. (1997).

hereherehere
181LinzOberösterreichisches LandesmuseumMU1tenorc#'C C S563.5184.0200.0238.2272.5319.8359.8396.0428.822.5018.514.65.7? cherry

Single 7th finger-hole.

Holes and window cut on slab side of wood.

Very similar to basset MU2.

My own observations and measurements.

Young, Humer, and Gschwendtner. (1997).

hereherehere
182LisbonMuseu da MúsicaMI 203bassetg#A A782.0266.3294.5332.8370.2450.3496.0531.8625.030.2524.818.0service (Sorbus domesticus)

Neither fontanelle nor original cap have survived; key is a replacement



Stamp is not like the other AA recorders and appears almost as a BB



Window is so damaged, no measurement was posssible

My own observations and measurements.

Alvarenga (1994); Monteiro (2001).

183Lisse (NL)'t Huys DeverDever 0588sopraninof''none208.011.409.68.53.2box

Found during an archaeological dig around 't Huys Dever in Lisse, The Netherlands.

Tenon at foot for a now missing decorative ring.

Bouterse (2001).

184LondonVictoria & Albert Museum306-1882bassetg#! ! ML-J type QBassano764.5243.0263.0306.0348.5428.5477.5518.0620.031.9026.318.5box

Mate to 303-1882.

Windway shortened; replacement cap: block split in two pieces, one of which is loose in the bore. Window too damaged to measure cutup

My own observations and measurements.

Baines (1968/2002: 85).

185LondonVictoria & Albert Museum303-1882bassetg#! ! ML-J type QBassano764.5243.0264.0306.5348.3428.5477.5518.3615.032.0025.018.1box

Mate to 306-1882.

Replacement cap glued on to instrument. Window badly damaged, no cutup measurement possible

My own observations and measurements.

Baines (1968/2002: 85).

186LondonHorniman Museum14.5.47/273sopraninoab''none181.0ivory

ex. Adam Carse collection



 

Museum online catalogue.

187MadridPrivate collectionbassetf#!!Bassano846.0250.0277.5322.0365.0470.0515.5558.0667.036.0028.519.56.6maplePrivate communication.
188BolognaMuseo internazionale e biblioteca della musica (Formerly in Museo Civico Medievale)1830bassetg# (estimate of original pitch)! ! ML-J type LBassano225.0252.0292.5335.5417.5465.3505.017.76.9yew

New baroque foot added, with clarinet-type keys!

My own observations and measurements.

Meer (1993).

189MadridPrivate collectionbassetf#!!Bassano845.0249.0277.0322.0365.5471.0516.0557.0670.035.2528.3318.86.5maplePrivate communication.
190MeranoLandesfürstlicher Burg der Stadt Merano6858tenord#'ÂÂSchnitzer508.0176.0193.0226.5262.0300.0339.0375.0407.023.3020.014.95.7box

Window sides cut away, as basset (Inv nr 8651) and basset in Copenhagen.

My own Measurements and observations. Roos (1987).

here
191MeranoLandesfürstlicher Burg der Stadt Merano6851bassetg#ÂÂSchnitzer780.5264.5293.0337.5376.5449.0491.0530.2632.930.3026.220.06.9? cherry

The sides of the window are cut away, as tenor, (Inv nr. 6858) and basset in Copenhagen E78/kat38.

Extensive woodworm.

My own Measurements and observations. Roos (1987).

here
192MeranoLandesfürstlicher Burg der Stadt Merano6852basseta#double trefoilSchrattenbach656.3200.0211.3253.8292.0358.6402.0436.5539.033.6025.117.26.8? cornelian cherry

Direct blown (no cap)

Mate to Merano 6853.

Fontanelle is missing.

Large scraped section in bore, giving large maximum bore diameter above. Probably done as necessary once the instrument was made for tuning the octaves.

My own Measurements and observations. Roos (1987).

here
193MeranoLandesfürstlicher Burg der Stadt Merano6853basseta#double trefoilSchrattenbach655.0199.0212.0253.0290.5358.3401.0436.0533.534.3025.017.06.8? cornelian cherry

Direct blown (no cap).

Mate to Merano 6852.

Large scraped section in bore, giving large maximum bore diameter above. Probably done as necessary once the instrument was made for tuning the octaves.

My own Measurements and observations. Roos (1987).

here
194MeranoLandesfürstlicher Burg der Stadt Merano6854bassc#ÂÂSchnitzer1169.0394.0427.0478.0521.5658.0705.0753.0930.540.9034.324.38.1maple

Made from two pieces, with a glued joint above fontanelle.

Much woodworm and a large crack from hole 4 to above fontanelle.

Crook and key look later replacements.

My own Measurements and observations. Roos (1987).

here
195ModenaMuseo CivicoSM 24-1981bassetg#double trefoilSchrattenbach746.5238.5258.0298.5338.0415.8459.8495.5594.017.06.6maple

My own observations and measurements.
Cervelli & Meer (1982).

196ModenaMuseo CivicoSM 18-1981sopraninoc'''M143.043.047.060.072.684.898.5111.0123.47.005.05.22.2ivory

Wave type turning.

My own observations and measurements

Kirnbauer (1995).

197MunichBayerisches NationalmuseumMU163sopranoc#'' (est)none277.097.0105.5127.0149.0171.5193.0213.0234.013.5010.09.13.4ivory

Mate to Bayerisches Nationalmuseum (Munich) MU152.

My own observations and measurements.



Wackernagel (2005).

198MunichBayerisches Nationalmuseum174/37bassc#double trefoilSchrattenbach1087.0382.0407.5454.0492.0636.5682.0727.0903.039.5032.023.011.0maple

Cap band has similar engraving to Salzburg basset M244.

Wackernagel (2005).

199BolognaAccademia Filarmonica603 (FP6)bassetgP·GRECEGrece767.0266.0299.5344.0379.5484.0526.3559.3587.813.36.9plum

Puglisi (1981), Tiella (2005).

200MunichBayerisches NationalmuseumMU152sopranoc#'' (est)none277.096.0105.0126.0148.0170.0191.5212.5233.513.5010.09.04.0ivory

Mate to Bayerisches Nationalmuseum (Munich) MU163.

My own observations and measurements.



Wackernagel (2005).

201MunichBayerisches Nationalmuseum180/43extended bassc#double trefoilSchrattenbach1603.0372.0406.5447.0485.5640.0687.0728.5924.039.0027.323.010.5maple, four brass keys

Extended recorder, lowest note is G#, with all 10 holes closed. c# is produced by the fingering 0 123 4567.

Fontanelle band engraved, Hans Ravch von Schratt.

Wackernagel (2005).

202New YorkMetropolitan Museum89.4.3133tenorc#'none524.5189.3198.5233.0267.5319.8354.0388.3419.523.8019.112.16.5maple, figuredex. Crosby Brown CollectionMy own observations and measurements.
203New YorkMetropolitan Museum2010.205tenorc#'?!!Bassano562.016.0box

Museum website

204NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI101altof#'HF/HieronimusKynseker18.0016.213.15.9plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

205NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI145bassB! ! ! ML-J type ABassano1275.0401.8421.5465.0506.0695.5740.0781.01005.043.5037.526.88.3

Finger-holes 3 and 6 are angled towards the foot of the recorder.

Kirnbauer (1994).

206NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMR213bassetg#C. DENNER754.5247.5274.0313.5350.5435.0477.0513.5614.031.0024.420.76.2box

Kirnbauer (1994).

207NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI99sopranoc#''HF/HieronimusKynseker276.087.095.5114.5135.5159.0183.0205.5227.013.5011.09.33.8plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

208NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI98sopranoc#''HF/HieronimusKynseker276.087.096.0115.5135.5159.0183.0205.5227.013.5011.09.54.1plum, with horn ring

Kirnbauer (1994).

209NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMR212bassetg#double trefoilSchrattenbach755.0245.0264.5305.0343.0422.5465.0503.0610.030.5024.017.87.0

Kirnbauer (1994).

210NurembergGermanisches NationalmuseumMI642sopraninoc'''HFKynsekerivory

This tiny recorder with its turned wooden case came form a private colletion in Vienna and was erroneously catlogued as a recorder in f'' by both Martin Krinbauer and Eva Legêne in their 1995 articles. It was bought by the museum after Martin Kirnberg's catalogue was published.



TOL: 178

Bär (1998). see also museum page

museum page
211MunichBogenhauser KünstlerkapelleNr. 13bassetn/aHDDrebsboxwood

Martin Kirnbauer: Das war Pionierarbeit. Die Bogenhauser Künstlerkapelle, ein frühes Ensemble Alter Musik. In: Alte Musik, Konzert und Rezeption (= Basler Jahrbuch für Historische Musikpraxis, Sonderband zum 50. Jubiläum der Freunde alter Musik in Basel). Winterthur 1992, S. 37–67.
Martin Kirnbauer: Die Holzblasinstrumente der Bogenhauser Künstler-Kapelle. In: Michaelsteiner Konferenzberichte 1994, S. 21–30.

Cite this page as: Adrian Brown: Renaissance Recorders (Table). Last accessed 3 October 2022. https://www.recorderhomepage.net/renaissance-recorders/