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Given Name
Schrattenbach Family Rauch von Schrattenbach [Schratt, Scratenbach] Hans and Caspar mid-16C Schrattenbach (Allgäu), Austria A number of instruments stamped with one or more trefoils have been attributed to members of the Schrattenbach family. These include recorders, transverse flutes and dulcians.

David Lasocki (pers. comm, 2003 & 2005) notes that Waterhouse (1993: 320) sets out the evidence about Caspar Rauch succinctly and fairly. We have only Burney’s statement that Rauch’s instruments were made at Hamburg (And of course we have no idea on what evidence he based that statement – apparently nothing on the recorders themselves.) Citing Postel (1974), Waterhouse notes that a man named Caspar Rauch owned some woodland in Schrattenbach in 1536/7.

Charles Burney, visiting Antwerp in 1772, noted the presence in the Oostershuis warehouse of between thirty and forty recorders bearing the name Casper Rauchs Scrattenbach … engraved on a brass ring, or plate, which encircled most of these instruments. The two surviving instruments from this collection, however, are just signed with the double right-pointing trefoil, presumably because the identifying brass rings have fallen off and disappeared. We have no further documentation of Caspar Rauch as an instrument-maker, although a man of that name is mentioned in the local Kempten archives in 1540 (Brown & Lasocki, 2006: 26-27).

Recorders by members of the Schrattenbach family
Reka Reka   late 19c – early 20c Germany Recorders by Reka View
Rippert Rippert [Ripert, Ripere] Jean-Jacques op. 1668 - 1724 Paris, France French maker of transverse flutes, walking-stick flutes, recorders, oboes and bassoons, active in Paris, 1696-1725.

He may have authored the sonatas for the transverse flute published by someone of the same name in 1722 and possibly of Brunettes ou petits airs à II dessus published in 1725. He was probably also an instrumentalist.

Maker's mark: RIPPERT / dolphin / shield bearing 6 lozenges.

Recorders by Jean-Jacques Rippert
Rol Rol A.T. 2nd half 16c Germany Maker's mark: A.T. ROL
Recorders by A.T. Rol
Roosen Roosen J. 18th century Amsterdam, Netherlands Known from a single surviving basset recorder. His stamp is I·ROOSEN/5-petalled rose (Bouterse, 2001, 2013).

Recorders by J. Roosen
J-H-J Rottenburgh Rottenburgh Jean-Hyacinth-Joseph 1672–1756 Brussels, Belgium Maker of recorders, transverse flutes, piccolos, oboes and basoons. His son Godefroid-Adrien was also a skilled recorder maker. His stamp continued to appear on instruments made by his son Godfroid-Adrien (1703–68) and grandson François-Joseph (1743–1803).

The illustrious organologist, acoustician, instrument collector and Conservateur of the Musée Instrumental du Conservatoire Royal de Musique de Bruxelles is the great grandson of J.-H.-J. Rottenburgh.

Maker's mark: I·H / ROTTENBURGH / (star).

Recorders by Jean-Hyacinth-Joseph Rottenburg
G-A Rottenburgh Rottenburgh Godefroid-Adrien c. 1744–1803 Brussels, Belgium Member of a great family of Belgian wind instrument makers. Godefroid-Adrien was a maker of recorders and transverse flutes. His father was Jean-Hyacinth-Joesph Rottenburgh.

Recorders by Godefroid-Adrien Rottenburgh
Rouge Rouge   a. 1701–1720 France Maker of recorders and oboes, active from 1701 until 1720.

Recorders by Rouge
Rykel Rykel [Rijkel, Rikel, Rykjel] Coenraad 1664–1726 Amsterdam, Netherlands Coenraad Rykel (b Amsterdam 1664; d Amsterdam 1726) was the son of Heinrich Rukoll, a tailor who came to Amsterdam from London before or in 1664. Coenraad was Richard Haka’s nephew and pupil. As well as an instrument maker, Rykel was a musician [bassoonist] in the theatre on Keizersgracht. When Haka moved to new premises in 1696, Rykel stayed on at the old address. A conflict arising from his continued use of his uncle’s name and stamp was resolved in Haka’s favour in 1700. Henceforth, until his death in 1726, Coenraad Rykel produced recorders and oboes under his own name. Notes from van Acht.

Recorders by Coenraad Rykel
JCE Sattler Sattler Johann Cornelius E. 1718/24 – p. 1739 Leipzig, Germany Four generations of the Sattler family were active in Leipzig from the early 18th century and used the mark 'S' in the latter half of that century.

Recorders by Johann Cornelius E. Sattler
Schell Schell Johann 1660–1732 Nuremberg, Germany Johann Schell (b Nuremberg, 1660; d Nuremberg, 1732) was the son of a hunt-lure turner, Anton Schell. He was active as a maker of recorders, transverse flutes and oboes from 1697 until his death.

He is first documented as a flute-maker in 1693. In 1694 he applied together with I.C. Denner to the council for the master’s rights as a woodwind-maker, which lead to him being admitted as a master in 1697. It is uncertain how significant the role was he played relative to Denner concerning the development of French woodwinds.

Contrary to statements by Nikel (1971) and Lerch (1996), Klemisch (2006) notes that Schell's extant recorders are highly developed with a modernising of design and sound.

Maker's marks: H SCHELL (in scroll) / S / (elaborate X-shaped monogram); H.SCHELL (in scroll) / S / JS; H·SCHELL / S / JS (monogram); H·SCHELL / S

Recorders by Johann Schell
J Scherer Scherer Johannes, Jr. 1664–1722 Butzbach, Hesse, Germany Johannes Scherer Jr (b Butzbach, 1664; d Butzbach 1722) was active as an instrument maker from 1711 until his death. He made recorders, transverse flutes and bassoons. Father of Georg Heinrich Scherer (1703-1778) who took over the business at the age of 19.

Maker's marks: I·SCHERER (scrolled) / (Brabant lion); SCHERER / (Brabant lion)

Recorders by Johannes Scherer, Jr
J Schlegel Schlegel Jeremias 1730–1792 Basel, Switzerland Jeremias Schlegel (b Basel, 1730; d Basel 1792), son of Christian Schlegel, was active as an instrument maker from 1752 until his death. His output includes recorders, transverse flute, oboes, bassoons, and clarinets.

Recorders by Jeremias Schlegel
C Schlegel Schlegel Christian c. 1667–1746 Basel & Zurich, Switzerland Christian Schlegel (b Mels ca 1667; d Basel 1708), father of Jeremias Schlegel, was active as an instrument maker from 1708 until his death in 1746. He made recorders, double recorders, transverse flutes, chalumeaux, shawms, and oboes.

Recorders by Christian Schlegel
Schuchart Schuchart John Just 1695–1759 Germany, London John (Johan) Just Schuchart (b Germany, 1695; d London, 1759) was active a maker of wind instruments in London by 1720 and very probably worked for Bressan before setting up his own workshop by 1732, perhaps as early as 1725. Thomas Cahusac Senior (1714–1788) and Benjamin Hallet (fl. 1713–1753) were probably apprentices of his.

John Just's instruments cannot be differentiated from those of his son Charles (c. 1720–1765). Their combined output includes recorders, oboes, clarinets and bassoons. Johan Just Schuchart's instruments are marked I U I SCHUCHART with a double-headed spread-eagle. When John Just died, he designated as his successor not his son Charles, but his own son-in-law, another foreign-born woodwind maker called Henry (Hindrik).

Recorders by John Just Schuchart
Schuechbaur Schuechbaur Franz Simon p. 1692–1743 Munich, Germany Maker of recorders and oboes.

Recorders by Franz Simon Schuechbaur
Smart Smart George 1773–1805 London, Great Britain (England, United Kingdom, GB, UK) Instrument maker, music seller, and publisher. He was succeeded by one William Turnbull.

Waterhouse (1993)
MacMillan (2008: 94)

Recorders by George Smart
Stanesby Sr Stanesby Thomas Sr c. 1668–1734 London, Great Britain (England, United Kingdom, GB, UK) Born in Moorly Lyme, Derbyshire, England. Maker of recorders, transverse flutes, oboes and bassoons. His son, Thomas Stanesby Jr, was also a wind-instrument maker.

Maker's mark: STANESBY / (dolphin); T / Stanesby / (8-pointed star)

Recorders by Thomas Stanesby Sr
Stanesby Jr Stanesby Thomas Jr 1692–1754 London, Great Britain (England, United Kingdom, GB, UK) Thomas Stanesby Jr (b London, 1692; d Brompton, 1754) was the son of Thomas Staneby Sr. Instruments made by him include recorders, transverse flutes, oboes and bassoons. Stanesby Jr's later instruments show a simplification of the older baroque exterior following the trend towards the classical woodwind design. This is evident in several of his recorders with joints similar to those of the transverse flutes of the time and lacking the flared foot used hitherto.

A trade card of Stanesby Jr dated 1728 reads:

Stanesby Jun. In the Temple Exchange Fleet Street, London Makes to the greatest Perfection, all sorts of musical instruments. In Ivory or fine wood; Plain after a very neat Manner or curiously Adorn'd with Gold, Silver, Ivory &c. Necessary to preserve them; Approv'd and recommended by the best masters in Europe. Sold as above and no where else.


Recorders by Thomas Stanesby Jr
Steenbergen Steenbergen Jan 1676–c.1730 Amsterdam, Netherlands Jan Steenbergen came from Heerde in Gelderland.
A pupil of Richard Haka, his production consisted largely of recorders and oboes. Steenbergen lived and worked in Kerkstraat in Amsterdam until about 1730. A number of his recorders, traversi and oboes have survived.

Amongst the 8 or 9 surviving recorders by Steenbergen, one has three double holes (f'/f#' g'/g#', c''/c#''), which allows you to play a very stable and well tuned c#'''.

Notes from van Acht.

Maker's marks: I STEENBERGEN (scrolled) / (fleur-de-lys); I:STEENBERGEN. (scrolled) / (fleur-de-lys)

Recorders by Jan Steenbergen
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