Recorder Home Page Databases
Thomas Wallensis (Walleys, Waleys)
The earliest extant English-Latin dictionary, Galfridus Anglicus'
(compiled ca 1440, printed 1499), gives: "Recorder litell pype. Canula – C. f. in coraula." A
is given as the authority for this translation.
Thomas Wallensis was a Dominican monk from Oxford who flourished about the time of Edward II. The
is not the
(c. 1335), beginning "Fulcite me floribus", in the library of Peterhouse, Cambridge, which consists of short tracts from the fathers and canonists, alphabetically arranged.
Leland (1545) ascribes to Thomas Wallensis a second work of this name, an English-Latin vocabulary or dictionary, which he saw at one of the Oxford libraries, beginning "Disciplina deditus apud Miram vallem." There was probably a copy of the same, called
, at Syon monastery, and Bale (1557-1559) knew of another at Magdalen College, Oxford, now also lost. The
contains frequent references to this lost work.
Whilst it is possible that the lost
mentioned the recorder it is more likely that the work passed on earlier definitions of 'choraules' [Gk, the leader of the chorus who played either
] and that the compiler of
simply added the up-to-date equation with recorder.
Bale, J. (1557-1559)
Lasocki, D. (2012: 52-53)
Leland (1545/1709: 307, 333)
Welch (1911/1961: 19)
Recorder Home Page Databases (1996—2014). All rights reserved.