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First Date
Last Date ≤1359
Title Campus Florum
Author Thomas Wallensis (Walleys, Waleys)
Quote
Notes The earliest extant English-Latin dictionary, Galfridus Anglicus' Promptorium Parvulorum (compiled ca 1440, printed 1499), gives: "Recorder litell pype. Canula – C. f. in coraula." A Campus florum is given as the authority for this translation.

Thomas Wallensis was a Dominican monk from Oxford who flourished about the time of Edward II. The Campus florum cited in Promptorium Parvulorum is not the Campus florum (c. 1335), beginning "Fulcite me floribus", in the library of Peterhouse, Cambridge, which consists of short tracts from the fathers and canonists, alphabetically arranged.

Leland (1545) ascribes to Thomas Wallensis a second work of this name, an English-Latin vocabulary or dictionary, which he saw at one of the Oxford libraries, beginning "Disciplina deditus apud Miram vallem." There was probably a copy of the same, called Campeflour, at Syon monastery, and Bale (1557-1559) knew of another at Magdalen College, Oxford, now also lost. The Promptorium Parvulorum contains frequent references to this lost work.

Whilst it is possible that the lost Campus Florum mentioned the recorder it is more likely that the work passed on earlier definitions of 'choraules' [Gk, the leader of the chorus who played either canulae or fistulae] and that the compiler of Promptorium simply added the up-to-date equation with recorder.
References Bale, J. (1557-1559)
Lasocki, D. (2012: 52-53)
Leland (1545/1709: 307, 333)
Welch (1911/1961: 19)
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