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1398   De proprietatibus rerum [On the Properties of Things]: 19.138.944 Bartholomaeus Anglicus [Bartomew de Glanville] (a.1203–m.1272) Tympanum is layed streyghte to the tree in the one side, and half a tabour other halfe a symphony, and schape as a syfue, and beten wyth a stycke; ryght as a tabour, as Isyder sayth, and maketh the better melody yf there is a pype therwyth. View
?1527   The noble lyfe a[nd] nature of man, Of bestes, serpentys, fowles a[nd] fisshes y be moste knowen Laurence Andrewe (fl. 1510-1537) Delphinus is a monster of the see, & it hath no voyce, but it singeth lyke a man and towarde a tempest it playeth vpon the water. Some say whan they be taken that they wepe. The Delphin hath none eares for to here nor no nose for to smelle yet it smelleth very well & sharpe. And it slepeth vpon the water very hartely, that thei be hard ronke a farre of and thei leue C.xl. yere. & they here gladly playnge on instrumentes, as lutes harpes tabours and pypes. They loue their yonges very well, and they fede them longe with the mylke of their pappes & they haue many yonges, & amonge them all be .ij. olde ones, that yf it fortuned one of the yonges to dye, than these olde ones wyll burye them depe in the gorwind of the see because othere fisshes sholde nat ete thys dede delphyn; so well they loue theyr yonges. There was ones a kinge that had taken a delphin whyche he caused to be bounde with chaynes fast at a hauen where as the shippes come in at & there was alway the pyteoust wepynge and lamentynge, that the kinge coude nat for pyte but let hym go agayne.

The Dolphin is a monster of the sea; it has no voice, but sings like a man, and just before a storm it plays upon the water. Some say that when they are captured they weep. The Dolphin has no ears to hear with, nor nose to smell with, yet it can smell very well and sharply. And it sleeps upon the water very heartily, so that it can be far from hard rocks. They live 140 years, and they gladly listen to the playing of musical instruments, such as lutes, harps, tabors, and pipes. They love their young very well, and breast-feed them for a long time. They have many young, and among them there are always 2 old ones, so that if it happened that one of the young were to die, then these old ones will bury them deep in the ground of the sea so that other fish will not eat the dead dolphin, so well they love their young. There was once a king that had captured a dolphin which he caused to be bound fast with chains at a haven where ships come in at, but there was always the most pitiful weeping and lamenting that the king, in pity, let him go again.
c. 1300   Kyng Alisaunder, Bodleian Library MS. Laud Misc. 622 Anonymous 2159 Now rist grete tabour betyng,
Blaweyng of pypes, and ek trumpyng,
Stedes lepyng, and ek arnyng,
Of sharp speres, and avalyng
Of stronge knighttes, and wyghth meetyng ;
Launces breche and increpyng;
Knighttes fallyng, stedes lesyng;
Herte and hevedes thorough kervyng;
Swerdes draweyng, lymes lesyng
I Iard assaylyng, strong defendyng,
Stiff withstondyng and wighth fleigheyng.
1425   The Laud Troy Book, Bodleian Library, Laud Misc. 595 Anonymous [380 Agamemnon is re-chosen Emperor of the Greeks. A new Battle.]

The sterres passen and alle the clouds
The day dawes, the Crowe croudes,
The lurkis synge, the cokkes crowe,
The waytes faste her pipes blowe. [12900]
1400   The Prologue and Tale of Beryn, Alnwick Castle, Duke of Northumberland MS 55 Anonymous [lines 3180-3187]

Deperdeux! quod Geffrey, ther'of we shull wele do.
He rayid hum otheriwise; and without wordis mo
They went to the dyner the hole company,
With pipis and with trompis, and othir melody:
And in the myddis of their mete gentil women fyve,
Maidens fresh atirid as myght be on lyve,
Come from the Duke Isope, lord of theat regioune,
Everich wiyth a present, and that of grete renown …
1407   Resoun and Sensuallyte: 1779. John Lydgate (?1370-1449) But all her singing was in vain
To be compared, in sothness [truth],
Unto the excellent sweetness
Of this Floyte melodious,
By force of which Mercurius
Made Argus slepe.
1407   Resoun and Sensuallyte: 2389-2412 John Lydgate (?1370-1449) [The accomplishments of Venus' first son, Pleamre.]

By his avys and his purchace;
For ther kan) no man), in no place,
Of vnkouth pleyes tel[le] noon)
But he kan) hem euerychon) :
Touche be crafte, and nat be rote,
Harpe and lute, fythel and Rote,
And synge songes of plesaunce,
Maisterly revel and Daunce,
Pipe and floyte lustely.
And also eke ful konyngly
In al the crafte and melody
Of musyke and of Armony,
What tyme that hit shal be do,
He ys expert; and eke also
At al[le] pleyes delytables :
At mereles, dees, and tables
He kan) pley[en] passyngly ;
But best and most specialy
At the Chesse he dooth excelle
That philomestor, soth to telle,
For to make comparyson,
Was nat lyke him of renoun,
That first founde this play notable,
With him to play[e] was not able.
1407   Resoun and Sensuallyte: 5592. John Lydgate (?1370-1449) And floutys ful of armonye. View
1903 unknown L’Allegro up to Date, Punch 124-125 (16 December 1903: 424. A.A. Sykes But come, thou Mistress FLORENCE FARR,
So buxom, blithe, and debonarr,
Haste thee, nymph, and bring with thee
Care dispelling jollity . . .
The old forgotten dancing-lore,
The steps we cannot understand,
DOLMETSCH agrees to take in hand,
These on the well-trod stage anon,
When next our learned sock is on,
We’ll show, while ARNOLD, Fancy’s child,
Tootles his native wood-wind wild.
These delights if thous canst give,
Miss Farr, within thy Club* I’ll live.
1413 1483 The Booke of the Pylgremage of the Sowle: 50.44.6 John Lydgate (?1370-1449) OR Thomas Hoccleve (c.1368-1426) Thenne come there dauncynge forth a lothely companye with fowle defourmed vysages, and grisely of theyr personnes: they flouted, and they taberd; they yellyd, and they cryed, ioyinge in theyr maner, as semyd, by theyr semblaunt. View
1425   Two Chaucerian Ballads.: 326-328. John Lydgate (?1370-1449) 326 Lusty trumpetes and lyght clariouns
327 Harpes, lutes, made meolody,
328 Floytes shrille that so loude crye.
1430   The Chester Plays: The Play of the Shepherds: The Paynters and the Glasiors Playe Anonymous THE THIRD BOYE
O noble childe of thee!
Alas! what hae i for thee,
Save onlye my pipe?
Elles trewlye nothinge,
Were I in the rockes or in,
I could make this pippe,
That all this woode should ringe,
And quiver, as yt were.

625 THE THYRD BOYE. O noble chyld of thy Father on hye,
626 alas, what have I for to give thee?
627 Save only my pype that soundeth so royallye,
628 elles truely have I nothinge at all.
629 Were I in the rocke or in the valey alowe,
630 I could make this pipe sound, I trowe,
631 that all the world should ringe
632 and quaver as yt would fall.
1431 1438 The Fall of Princes: 2479-2485. John Lydgate (?1370-1449). 2479 Pan, god off Kynde, with his pipes seuene,
2480 Off recorderis fond first the melodies.
2481 And Mercurie, that sit so hih in heuene,
2482 First in his harpe fond sugred armonyes.
2483 Holsum wynes thoruhfyned from ther lyes
2484 Bachus fond first, of vynes heuy lade,
2485 Licour off licours corages for to glade.
1440 (compiled) 1449 (printed) Promptorium Parvulorum Galfridus Anglicus Flowtye, pype. Cambucus ydraula, calamaula.

Flowtyn, or pypn. Calamiso.

Pype (pypet, s.) Fistula.

Recorder litell pype. Canula ... C. f. in coraula.
1440 1520 The Squier of Lowe Degre Anonymous [lines 1069-1079]

There was myrth and melody
With harp, getron and sautry,
With rote, ribible and clokarde,
With pypes, organs and bumbade,
With other mynstrelles them amonge,
With sytolphe and with sautry songe,
With fydle, recorde, and dowcemere,
With trompette and with claryon clere,
With dulcet pipes of many cordes:
In chambre revelyng all the lordes,
Unto morne that it was daye.
1450   Buke of the Howlat Richard [de] Holland All thus our ladye they lofe, with liking and list
Menstralis and musicians mo than I mene may,
The psaltery, the citholis, the soft cytharist,
The croude, and the monycordis, the gythornis gay,
The rote, and the recordour, the ribup, and rist,
The trump, and the taburn, the tympane but tray;
The dulsate, and the dulsacordis, the schalm of assay;
The amyable organis usit full oft,
Clarions loude knelis,
Portativis and bellis,
Cymbaclanis in the cellis
That soundis so soft.
1438 1483 Catholicon Anglicum, British Library, London, Additional 15562 (Pref.MS) Anonymous a Flote of a pipe; jdraula.
... ...
a Pipe; vbi a trumpe.
to Pipe; vbi to trumpe.
to Pipe as a byrde; pipiare.
a Pipe maker; tibiarius.
a Pyper; Aules, Auledus, fistulator, sambucinator, tibicen, tubicenis (tibicina A.).
... ...
to Recorde; repetere, recordare.
1502   Privy Purse, expenses of King Henry VII   21 Henry VII. Jan. 1. To the Styll Mynstrells in reward 4 0 0 ... View
1510 1532 The Union of the Two Noble and Illustre Families of Lancastre and Yorke / Hall's Chronicle Edward Hall [Halle] From thence [that is, from Greenwich, in 1510, the second year of his reign] the whole Courte removed to Wyndesore, then begynning his progresse, exercising hym selfe daily in shotyng, singing, daunsyng, wrastelyng, casting oft he barre, plaiyng at the recorders, flute, virginals, and settyng of songes, makyng of ballettes, and did set ii goodly masses, every of them fyve partes, whiche were song oftentimes in hys chapel and afterwards in diverse other places. View
1485   Paris and Vienne: Thystory of the noble and ryght valyaunt knight Parys and of the fayre Vyene, the Daulphyns doughter Vyennoys Translated out of the Frensshe into Englysshe by Wiliam Caxton of Westmestre. 3.20 Anonymous Parys thenne and edward wiyth one accorde dysposed them self for go gyue somme melodyous myrthe to the noble mayde vyenne and wyth theyr musyecal Instrumentes as recordours they yede by nyght tyme to gyder towards that parte of the castel where as the fayre vyenne laye in hyr chambre and there they sange ful swetely and sowned melodyously theyr musycal Insrumentes and pypes and certeyn the melodye of their songes and the sowne of theyr Instrument was so playsaunt & so sweet that it passed al other melodye. And when the daulphyn and his wyf & the fayre vyenne theyr doughter herede this swete and melodyous sowne as wel of mas wyces as of dyuers Instrumetes they had grete Ioye and took grete playsyr at it & had grete desyre to knowe what they were that fo grete solace and Ioye made tosore theyr castel and for to wete & knowe what they were the daulphyn assygned a day of a feste at the whyche he sente for alle maner mynstrellys in hys londe chargyng theym vupon grete payne that they shold come for to playe before hym and hys barons in hys castel of vyenne. View
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